$ sudo apt install wireshark


Dumpcap can be installed in a way that allows members of the "wireshark"
system group to capture packets. This is recommended over the
alternative of running Wireshark/Tshark directly as root, because less
of the code will run with elevated privileges.

For more detailed information please see
/usr/share/doc/wireshark-common/README.Debian.gz once the package is

Enabling this feature may be a security risk, so it is disabled by
default. If in doubt, it is suggested to leave it disabled.

Should non-superusers be able to capture packets?

/usr/share/doc/wireshark-common/README.Debian.gz に詳細な情報があるというので

$ zcat /usr/share/doc/wireshark-common/README.Debian.gz

I. Capturing packets with Wireshark/Tshark

   There are two ways of installing Wireshark/Tshark on Debian; the
   installation process may offer a choice between these two ways,
   asking "Should non-superuser be able to capture packets?"

   I./a. Installing dumpcap without allowing non-root users to capture packets

      Only root user will be able to capture packets. It is advised to capture
      packets with the bundled dumpcap program as root and then run
      Wireshark/Tshark as an ordinary user to analyze the captured logs. [2]

      This is the default on Debian systems; it is selected by answering
      "<No>" to the question mentioned above.

   I./b. Installing dumpcap and allowing non-root users to capture packets

      Members of the wireshark group will be able to capture packets on network
      interfaces. This is the preferred way of installation if Wireshark/Tshark
      will be used for capturing and displaying packets at the same time, since
      that way only the dumpcap process has to be run with elevated privileges
      thanks to the privilege separation[1].

      This is selected by answering "<Yes>" to the question mentioned

      Note that no user will be added to group wireshark automatically;
      a system administrator has to add them manually, using the usermod

         sudo usermod -a -G wireshark {username}

      or, if you're using a desktop environment that includes a tool for
      managing users, such as the "Users and Groups" tool in GNOME (found
      in the gnome-system-tools package), using that tool.  After a user
      is added to the wireshark group, she/he may need to log in again to
      make her/his new group membership take effect and be able to capture

      The additional privileges are provided using the Linux Capabilities
      system where it is available and resorting to setting the set-user-id
      bit of the dumpcap binary as a fall-back, where the Linux Capabilities
      system is not present (Debian GNU/kFreeBSD, Debian GNU/Hurd).

      Linux kernels provided by Debian support Linux Capabilities, but custom
      built kernels may lack this support. If the support for Linux
      Capabilities is not present at the time of installing wireshark-common
      package, the installer will fall back to set the set-user-id bit to
      allow non-root users to capture packets.

      If installation succeeds with using Linux Capabilities, non-root users
      will not be able to capture packets while running kernels not supporting
      Linux Capabilities.

      Note that capturing USB packets is not enabled for non-root users by using
      Linux Capabilities. You have to capture the packets using the method
      described in I./a., setting the set-user-id permanently using
      dpkg-statoverride or running dumpcap as root.

      The installation method can be changed any time by running:

         sudo dpkg-reconfigure wireshark-common

      The question mentioned above will be asked; answer "<Yes>" to it.

II. Installing SNMP MIBs

    SNMP [4] OIDs can be decoded using MIBs provided by other packages.
    wireshark-common suggests snmp-mibs-downloader which package can be used to
    download a set of common MIBs Wireshark/Tshark tries to load at startup.

    At the time of writing, MIBs are distributed under DFSG incompatible terms
    [5] thus snmp-mibs-downloader has to be in the non-free archive area.
    To keep wireshark in the main area [7], wireshark-common does not depend on
    or recommend snmp-mibs-downloader and as a result snmp-mibs-downloader is
    not installed automatically with wireshark.

    To make Wireshark/Tshark able to decode OIDs, please install
    snmp-mibs-downloader manually.

    To help Wireshark/Tshark to decode OIDs without having to install packages
    manually, please support the initiative of requesting additional rights
    from RFC authors [5].

   [1] https://gitlab.com/wireshark/wireshark/-/wikis/Development/PrivilegeSeparation
   [2] https://gitlab.com/wireshark/wireshark/-/wikis/CaptureSetup/CapturePrivileges
   [3] https://blog.wireshark.org/2010/02/running-wireshark-as-you
   [4] https://gitlab.com/wireshark/wireshark/-/wikis/SNMP
   [5] https://wiki.debian.org/NonFreeIETFDocuments
   [6] https://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ch-archive.html#s-non-free
   [7] https://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ch-archive.html#s-main



$ sudo usermod -a -G wireshark {username}


$ sudo dpkg-reconfigure wireshark-common

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Last-modified: 2024-06-14 (金) 11:53:28